By Anne Storch, Gerrit J. Dimmendaal
This ebook is the result of numerous a long time of study adventure, with contributions by way of prime students in line with long term box study. It combines methods from descriptive linguistics, anthropological linguistics, socio-historical experiences, areal linguistics, and social anthropology. the main problem of this ground-breaking quantity is to enquire the linguistic technique of expressing quantity and countable quantities, which range significantly within the world’s languages. It offers insights into universal number-marking units and their not-so-common usages, but additionally into phenomena comparable to the absence of plurals, or transnumeral types. different contributions to the amount exhibit that quantity is of substantial semantic complexity in lots of languages world wide, expressing every kind of extendedness, multiplicity, salience, dimension, etc. This increases a couple of not easy questions relating to what precisely is defined less than the marginally monolithic label of ‘number’ in such a lot descriptive methods to the languages of the realm.
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Extra info for Number - Constructions and Semantics: Case studies from Africa, Amazonia, India and Oceania
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2003. Classifiers: A Typology of Noun Categorization Devices. Oxford: OUP. Anne Storch & Gerrit J. Dimmendaal Avery, Peter & Ogola, Abel. 2013. Variability and regularization in the acquisition of the Dholuo plural. Paper presented at the 11 Nilo-Saharan Linguistics Colloquium, University of Cologne. Bargery, George Percy. 1934. A Hausa-English Dictionary and English-Hausa Vocabulary. London: OUP. Besch, Werner. 1996. Duzen, Siezen, Titulieren. Zur Anrede im Deutschen heute und gestern.
In quite a few North American languages, number is not distinguished for most nouns (apart from a few suppletive nouns). Verb stems, on the other hand, may alternate according to the number of participants involved. g. g. fallers, sitters). g. how many people are killed, how many objects are picked up). As pointed out by Mithun (1988: 214), the subjects of intransitives and the patients of transitives share an important role: they are the participants most directly affected by an action. e. when a change of state is involved.
Dimmendaal to number marking across categories helps to explain how transnumeral (general number) meaning emerges in Nilo-Saharan and Afroasiatic languages. The study also provides evidence for a historical reinterpretation of plural event marking as plural argument marking in one Nilotic (Nilo-Saharan) language, Maasai. Furthermore, it is argued that pluractionality marking as ‘non-canonical’ number marking is common in a range of languages belonging to different language families in Africa (and elsewhere), and consequently deserves its proper place in a typology of number marking.