Number - Constructions and Semantics: Case studies from by Anne Storch, Gerrit J. Dimmendaal

By Anne Storch, Gerrit J. Dimmendaal

This ebook is the result of numerous a long time of study adventure, with contributions by way of prime students in line with long term box study. It combines methods from descriptive linguistics, anthropological linguistics, socio-historical experiences, areal linguistics, and social anthropology. the main problem of this ground-breaking quantity is to enquire the linguistic technique of expressing quantity and countable quantities, which range significantly within the world’s languages. It offers insights into universal number-marking units and their not-so-common usages, but additionally into phenomena comparable to the absence of plurals, or transnumeral types. different contributions to the amount exhibit that quantity is of substantial semantic complexity in lots of languages world wide, expressing every kind of extendedness, multiplicity, salience, dimension, etc. This increases a couple of not easy questions relating to what precisely is defined less than the marginally monolithic label of ‘number’ in such a lot descriptive methods to the languages of the realm.

Show description

Read Online or Download Number - Constructions and Semantics: Case studies from Africa, Amazonia, India and Oceania PDF

Similar grammar books

Structuring Sense: Volume II: The Normal Course of Events

Structuring feel explores the adaptation among phrases even though outlined and constructions besides the fact that developed. It units out to illustrate over 3 volumes, of which this can be the 1st, that the reason of linguistic competence may be shifted from lexical access to syntactic constitution, from reminiscence of phrases to manipulation of ideas.

Modes of Occurrence: Verbs, Adverbs and Events

Ranging from the location recursive concept of fact is primary to a thought of that means, this booklet investigates the issues adverbs pose for systematic semantics. Barry Taylor argues that the hitherto promising "predicate modifier" technique fails to house the extra sophisticated difficulties of adverbial constitution and that Donald Davidson's replacement - to construe adverbs as adjectives on occasions - can in basic terms paintings inside of a metaphysical idea of the character of occasions.

Determinants of Grammatical Variation in English

The standards investigated within the quantity comprise the next: phonological affects (such because the precept of rhythmic alternation and optimum syllable structure), frequency, pervasive semantic and pragmatic points (including iconicity, markedness, grammaticalization and typological tendencies), info constitution, processing complexity and horror aequi (the avoidance of identification effects).

Extra info for Number - Constructions and Semantics: Case studies from Africa, Amazonia, India and Oceania

Example text

Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2003. Classifiers: A Typology of Noun Categorization Devices. Oxford: OUP.  Anne Storch & Gerrit J. Dimmendaal Avery, Peter & Ogola, Abel. 2013. Variability and regularization in the acquisition of the Dholuo plural. Paper presented at the 11 Nilo-Saharan Linguistics Colloquium, University of Cologne. Bargery, George Percy. 1934. A Hausa-English Dictionary and English-Hausa Vocabulary. ­London: OUP. Besch, Werner. 1996. Duzen, Siezen, Titulieren. Zur Anrede im Deutschen heute und gestern.

In quite a few North American languages, number is not distinguished for most nouns (apart from a few suppletive nouns). Verb stems, on the other hand, may alternate according to the number of participants involved. g. g. fallers, sitters). g. how many people are killed, how many objects are picked up). As pointed out by Mithun (1988: 214), the subjects of intransitives and the patients of transitives share an important role: they are the participants most directly affected by an action. e. when a change of state is involved.

Dimmendaal to number marking across categories helps to explain how transnumeral (general number) meaning emerges in Nilo-Saharan and Afroasiatic languages. The study also provides evidence for a historical reinterpretation of plural event marking as plural argument marking in one Nilotic (Nilo-Saharan) language, Maasai. Furthermore, it is argued that pluractionality marking as ‘non-canonical’ number marking is common in a range of languages belonging to different language families in Africa (and elsewhere), and consequently deserves its proper place in a typology of number marking.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.82 of 5 – based on 31 votes