By Barbara A. Mellers, Jonathan Baron
Justice, fairness, and equity are critical issues of daily life. we regularly check the equity of person acts, social courses, and institutional regulations. This publication explores how distributions of prices and merits make sure our intuitions approximately equity. a few chapters learn the level to which person habit deviates from normative theories of justice. This comparability calls for a solution to the query of ways reasonable distributions of assets or burdens may be made. Competing theories, resembling utilitarianism and fiscal potency, are mentioned. different chapters examine a variety of ideas and heuristics that folks use to make reasonable distributions, the inducement for individuals to comply to principles of equity even if they clash with self-interest, changes among liberals and conservatives of their perspectives approximately justice, ideas that societies really use to distribute or allocate severe or scarce assets, and implications for public coverage. this mix of theoretical and utilized views presents a balanced examine the mental underpinnings of justice.
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Extra resources for Psychological Perspectives on Justice: Theory and Applications (Cambridge Series on Judgment and Decision Making)
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In some cases, seemingly different theories may amount to the same underlying processes, making theoretical differentiation futile. For instance, in the sales forecasting example from Bazerman discussed previously, my interpretation in terms of equality is not incompatible with a pure regression approach to the prediction problem. Mathematically, they amount to precisely the same thing. Viewing the problem from the point of view of equality highlights aspects of the problem that may not be otherwise obvious, like the different ways in which equality can be applied, for example, and the way it can be used to generate new forecasts from the basic ones.