By Nicholas Smith, Thomas C Brickhouse
This article offers an advent to Socrates—both the charismatic, arguable ancient determine and the basic Socratic philosophy. Written at a starting point yet incorporating contemporary scholarship, The Philosophy of Socrates bargains a variety of translations of pertinent passages. As they current those passages, Nicholas Smith and Thomas Brickhouse show why those passages are tricky, survey the interpretive and philosophical recommendations, and finish with short defenses in their personal proposed suggestions. all through, the authors depend on typical translations to parallel accompanying assigned basic resource readers. each one bankruptcy concludes with an annotated bibliography of recommended readings.
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This article offers an creation to Socrates—both the charismatic, debatable ancient determine and the basic Socratic philosophy. Written at a starting point yet incorporating contemporary scholarship, The Philosophy of Socrates bargains a variety of translations of pertinent passages. As they current those passages, Nicholas Smith and Thomas Brickhouse display why those passages are frustrating, survey the interpretive and philosophical techniques, and finish with short defenses in their personal proposed ideas.
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Extra info for The Philosophy Of Socrates (History of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy)
17 According to one of our principal sources, Xenophon, the marriage of Socrates to Xanthippe was not entirely a happy one, for Socrates was absent from the home too often to suit Xanthippe and, Xenophon tells us, Xanthippe was difficult to get along with. However, neither of our other sources confirms this, and Plato, when he mentions her, seems sympathetic and respectful. The fact that our evidence on this point is so scant and mixed should incline us away from drawing any firm conclusion about Xanthippe's character or about whether the marriage of Socrates and Xanthippe was a happy one.
Finally, as discussed earlier, before Socrates passed from boyhood to manhood, he would probably have been given instruction by his father in his father's craft or trade. 2 Athens and Education in the Time of Socrates Whether Socrates received any further instruction is a question we must take up in a moment. But we would do well to consider briefly the many changes the city of Socrates' youth underwent. , Athens's political system was transformed into a radical participatory democracy in which every Athenian male citizen could—and was expected to—vote, hold office, and serve on the very powerful.
In any case, one of the most curious facts about Socrates' life is how different some of his closest friends turned out to be. Plato indicates that by the time of Socrates' death, he had become one of Socrates' close friends,20 as were a number of others who were thoroughly committed to the importance of the philosophical life. Of these, some were, doubtless, more gifted than others. Since we know that some of these young philosophers went on to develop quite distinctive philosophical views of their own, it is possible that philosophical discussion within the Socratic circle was not limited to discussion of what the "master" thought.